Gynecomastia is a condition that affects the breast tissue of men and boys, causing abnormal growth and swelling. It can be caused by an imbalance of hormones, such as testosterone and estrogen, or by other factors. The area may be tender to the touch or even painful. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any pain or discomfort.
True gynecomastia is caused by an enlargement of the breast tissue, while an increase in adipose tissue is known as pseudogynecomastia. Pain is not always normal, so it is important to schedule an appointment with a doctor if you are feeling any pain. Medical News Today recommends seeking treatment for gynecomastia regardless of the severity of your symptoms. The first sign of gynecomastia may be a lump of adipose tissue under the nipple.
This lump may be tender or sore to the touch. Breasts may enlarge unevenly, and the change in shape or size can cause pain. You may have gynecomastia in one or both breasts. Pain is more common in patients with gynecomastia that developed recently or that progressed rapidly.
Cold compresses can be applied to reduce sensitivity, and over-the-counter pain relievers may also be used. Gynecomastia can cause feelings of anxiety, shame, and even depression. Your doctor may refer you to an endocrinologist, who specializes in treating problems related to hormones and how they affect the body. Gynecomastia can go away on its own, especially if it develops at a time in a man's life when hormonal imbalances are temporary. It can also result from prostate cancer treatments, since the typical treatment blocks testosterone production. To diagnose gynecomastia, a healthcare provider will perform a physical exam of the breasts and the entire body to assess any areas of concern.
The cause of gynecomastia, as well as the intensity of the symptoms, determine what type of treatment is best. The satisfaction rate among patients and surgeons after the periareolar surgical approach to gynecomastia together with liposuction is high. If you have questions about gynecomastia or would like to explore treatment options, contact our professionals today.