How to Diagnose Gynecomastia: A Comprehensive Guide

Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of the glandular tissue of the male breast that affects at least 30% of men throughout their lives. Learn how to diagnose gynecomastia accurately.

How to Diagnose Gynecomastia: A Comprehensive Guide

Gynecomastia is the benign enlargement of the glandular tissue of the male breast and is the most common breast condition in men. At least 30% of men will be affected throughout their lives. Because it causes anxiety, psychosocial discomfort and fear of breast cancer, an early diagnostic evaluation is important and patients often seek medical attention. To check for symptoms of gynecomastia, gently feel the breast with your fingertips.

If you have true gynecomastia, you should feel a soft, rubbery lump in one or both breasts. Gynecomastia can be seen as a growth the size of a button under the nipple. You may be able to see this as a lump in your breast or feel it when you press on the area. The lump can move easily within the breast tissue and be tender to the touch.

Lumps and breast enlargement can occur in one or both breasts. The evaluation of gynecomastia should include a detailed medical history, a clinical examination, specific blood tests, images and tissue samples. Individual treatment requirements can range from simple peace of mind to medical treatment or even surgery. The main purpose of any intervention is to alleviate symptoms and exclude other etiological factors. The surgeon will be able to determine the underlying cause of gynecomastia and recommend the correct procedure. Evaluations may include evaluating endocrine function, taking detailed measurements (size, shape, nipple location, and skin quality), and taking pictures for your medical history.

The type of gynecomastia you experience will influence the corrective procedure your surgeon will recommend. When examining the breast, we check if the swelling is adipose tissue (not really gynecomastia) or breast tissue. Gynecomastia is caused by an imbalance between estrogens and androgens or an increase in the estrogen-to-androgen ratio, due to increased estrogen production, decreased androgen production, or both. To diagnose gynecomastia accurately, it is important to understand its underlying causes and risk factors. These include age, obesity, certain medications, hormonal imbalances, liver disease, kidney failure, testicular tumors, and certain genetic conditions. If you are experiencing any symptoms of gynecomastia such as lumps in your breasts or enlargement of your breasts, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Your doctor will be able to diagnose your condition accurately and recommend the best course of treatment for you.

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