Gynecomastia is a condition in which men develop enlarged glandular tissue in their breasts as a result of hormonal imbalance. It can be seen as a button-sized growth under the nipple, which may be visible or felt when pressing on the area. The lump can move easily within the breast tissue and be tender to the touch. It can occur in one or both breasts, and may be accompanied by sensitivity and pain.
The first sign of gynecomastia may be a lump of adipose tissue under the nipple. Sometimes this lump is tender or sore. In true gynecomastia, glandular tissue can develop in one or both breasts. To check for symptoms of gynecomastia, gently feel the breast with your fingertips.
If you have true gynecomastia, you should feel a soft, rubbery lump in one or both breasts. The size of the lump can range from a small, firm enlargement of the breast tissue just behind the nipple to a larger, more feminine looking breast. Vegetable oils, such as tea tree or lavender, used in shampoos, soaps, or lotions have been associated with gynecomastia. Some over-the-counter medications for ulcers can cause gynecomastia, such as cimetidine (Tagamet HB).
HIV treatment called high-activity antiretroviral therapy has also been linked to gynecomastia. As a proven clinical treatment for pseudogynecomastia, many men have benefited from its results, as VASER Lipo permanently removes breast fat and may allow the liposuction doctor to sculpt the breast to give it a masculine appearance. Even though it's only a temporary change for most teens, some men with gynecomastia may feel embarrassed or self-conscious about their appearance. Gynecomastia is often confused with the expected presence of adipose tissue, especially among overweight young men.
Male estrogen levels that are too high or out of balance with testosterone levels can cause gynecomastia. Some male babies may have gynecomastia for a short time while their mother's hormones are still in their bodies. Newborns, boys going through puberty, and older men may develop gynecomastia as a result of normal changes in hormone levels, although there are other causes as well. Some medications, drugs (such as alcohol, marijuana, amphetamines, and heroin), anabolic steroids (taken to build muscle and improve strength), and other medications can also cause gynecomastia.
If you notice soft lumps and tenderness in your chest, you should pay attention to any pain when touching or pressing on the breasts as it may be a sign of gynecomastia. While symptoms of gynecomastia are common during puberty due to hormonal changes, if they don't go away when you reach adulthood, surgical intervention would be the answer to counteract the condition.